What is cerebral palsy

Cerebral palsy is one of the most serious neurodevelopmental disorders, usually diagnosed in the first years of life.

International statistics indicate incidence rates 1,2-2 ‰ of live births and it is estimated that in Greece 100-120 children with cerebral palsy are still born every year.

Cerebral palsy is a disorder that primarily affects the physical functions of the body, due to damage or incomplete development of brain regions that regulate, control and coordinate movement and balance.

The severity of the condition varies from case to case. Some cases have very light physical impairment and show no obvious disability. But other cases are much more severe effecting gait, balance, speech, while some cases tender the person totally dependent on others. Depending on the degree of the neurological damage associated symptoms (epilepsy, mental retardation, learning disabilities, speech-language disorders, etc) may also appear.

Cerebral Palsy (CP) describes a group of disorders of the development of movement and posture, causing activity limitation, that are attributed to non-progressive disturbances that occurred in the developing fetal or infant brain. The motor disorders of cerebral palsy are often accompanied by disturbances of sensation, cognition, communication, perception, and/or behaviour, and/or by a seizure disorder. (Baxetal., 2005)